Dry Mouth | Delmarva Dental Services

Dry Mouth

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Dry Black 1 Dry mouth or xerostomia is an increasing problem for people in the U.S..  Nearly one in four adults experience the condition, and 40 percent of those over the age of 55 suffer from dry mouth.  The primary cause of this condition are the side effects of many medications especially medications for anxiety, depression, and blood pressure. In fact, three of the top ten most popular drugs cause dry mouth.   Other medications such as antihistamines, anti-Parkinsonism, anti-asthmatic and appetite suppressants cause dry mouth as well. Multiple medications can make the problem even worse.  Over-the counter medications such as decongestants ( pseudoephedrine) and pain relivers (ibuprofen) can cause dry mouth.  ( For a list of medications causing dry mouth (see http://www.essology.com/PDF/DryMouthMedications.pdf   Medical conditions that cause dry mouth are Sjögren’s syndrome. (see Sjögren’s Syndrome) , diabetes and HIV/AIDS.  Chemotherapy drugs and radiation treatment to the head and neck can cause dry mouth.   Symptoms of dry mouth include difficulty in eating; especially with dry foods, such as cereals or crackers; difficulty in swallowing and speaking; burning sensation in the mouth;  taste disturbances; dry, painful, rough tongue and lips;  persistent difficulty in wearing dentures;  feeling thirsty, especially at night; and bad breath (seeBad Breath)  

            Treatment involves drinking eight 8 oz. glasses of water a day.  Use slow melting lozenges containing Xylitol such as Salese (www.nuvorainc.com), OraMoist & Xylimelts (www.orahealth.com) to moisten the mouth.  Simulate saliva flow with xylitol gums (See Xylitol Chewing Gum Can Prevent Cavities) such as Spry and Trident.  The medications Salagen and Evoxa can also be prescribed to stimulate saliva flow.  Artificial saliva (caphosol mouthrinse) can also bee prescribed.  See our video http://youtu.be/xp8hLsX1NgY



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